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Milestone 2: Years 3 & 4

Threshold Concepts: Work Scientifically

Ask relevant questions.

Set up simple, practical enquiries and comparative and fair tests.

Make accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, e.g. thermometers and data loggers.

Gather, record, classify and present data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions.

Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, bar charts and tables.

Report on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions.

Use results to draw simple conclusions and suggest improvements, new questions and predictions for setting up further tests.

Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple, scientific ideas and processes.

Use straightforward, scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

Threshold Concepts: Biology - Understand Plants

Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem, leaves and flowers.

Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.

Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

Explore the role of flowers in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal.

Threshold Concepts: Biology - Understand Animals and Humans

Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amounts of nutrition, that they cannot make their own food and they get nutrition from what they eat.

Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

Identify that humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

Threshold Concepts: Biology - Investigate Living Things

Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.

Explore and use classification keys.

Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to specific habitats.

Threshold Concepts: Biology - Understand Evolution and Inheritance

Identify how plants and animals, including humans, resemble their parents in many features.

Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.

Identify how animals and plants are suited to and adapt to their environment indifferent ways.

Threshold Concepts: Chemistry - Investigate Materials (Rocks and Soils)

Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their simple, physical properties.

Relate the simple physical properties of some rocks to their formation (igneous or sedimentary).

Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within sedimentary rock.

Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

Threshold Concepts: Chemistry - Investigate Materials (States of Matter)

Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.

Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C), building on their teaching in mathematics.

Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

Threshold Concepts: Physics - Understand Movement, Forces and Magnets

Compare how things move on different surfaces.

Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance.

Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others.

Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials.

Describe magnets as having two poles.

Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

Threshold Concepts: Physics - Understand Light and Seeing

Recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light.

Notice that light is reflected from surfaces.

Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes.

Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by a solid object.

Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change. Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

Threshold Concepts: Physics - Understand Sound and Hearing

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

Threshold Concepts: Physics - Understand Electrical Circuits

Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.

Threshold Concepts: Physics - Understand the Earth's Movement in Space

Describe the movement of the Earth relative to the Sun in the solar system.

Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.

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Pilgrim Academy Principal

Andrew Clark BA.