Understanding the World (please note, not all areas will relate specifically to Science, due to the nature of the Early Years curriculum)
People and communities
Key Skill: Talk about past and present events
Imitate everyday actions and events from own family and cultural background, in pretend play.
Remember and talk about significant events in their own experience.
Recognise and describe special times or events for family or friends.
Talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.
Key Skill: Show sensitivity to the likes and dislikes of others
Have a sense of own immediate family and relations
Begin to have their own friends
Show an interest in the loves of people who are familiar to them.
Know that others don't always enjoy the same things and are sensitive to this.
Key Skill: Know the similarities and differences between themselves and others
Learn that they have similarities and differences that connect them to, and distinguish them from, others.
Show an interest in different occupations and ways of life.
Know some of the things that make them unique, and can talk about some of the similarities and differences in relation to friends or family.
Enjoy joining in with family customs and routines.
Know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
Early Learning Goal:
Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children don't always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
Key Skill: Learn in familiar places
Enjoy playing with small-world models such as a farm, a garage or a train track.
Comment and ask questions about aspects of their familiar world such as the place where they live or the natural world.
Talk about features of their own immediate environment and how environments might differ from one another.
Key Skill: Observe and describe environments
Notice detailed features of objects in their environment.
Can talk about some of the things they have observed such as plants and animals, natural and found objects.
Talk about why things happen and how things work.
Develop an understanding of growth, decay and changes over time.
Show care and concern for living things and the environment.
Know about similarities in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.
Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur.
Talk about changes.
Early Learning Goal
Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
Key Skill: Recognise the uses of technology
Aware of technology in the immediate environment.
Know that information can be retrieved from computers.
Recognise that a range of technology is used in homes and schools.
Key Skill: use technology for a purpose
Seek to acquire basic skills in turning on and operating some ICT equipment.
Operate mechanical toys, e.g. turn the knob on a wind-up toy or pull back on a friction car.
Know how to operate simple equipment, e.g. turn on CD player and use remote control.
Show an interest in technological toys with knobs or pulleys, or real objects such as cameras or mobile phones.
Show skill in making toys work by pressing parts or lifting flaps to achieve effects such as sound, movements or new images.
Complete a simple program on a computer.
Use ICT hardware to interact with age-appropriate computer software.
Early Learning Goal
Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.